Education and Experience explained only 8% of the gender pay
gap according to the “Progress on the Gender Pay Gap 2019” study.
Occupational differences, e.g. the career that was chosen, explains 56%. Not
“who you know” or specifically targeting women. “I think what’s
important to recognize there is that women and men don’t randomly sort into
occupations, partly because of influences early on: what kind of jobs get
taught to people as being a male job or a female job. And some jobs, frankly,
just aren’t friendly to family lifestyles.”
The kind of jobs with a large part-time pay gap are
generally in areas where it’s harder to divide up hours and be flexible. Any
job where relationships need to be maintained with clients are especially bad;
e.g. careers in sales, lawyer, banker, etc. There are jobs that pay a part-time
premium and these tend to be jobs where it’s easy for people to swap shifts or
work as a team. E.g. Nursing, waiters/waitresses
“When an occupation pays less money per hour to its
part-time workers than to its full-time ones, it’s known as the part-time penalty.
That penalty tends to be higher when occupations have less flexible hours.
Here’s the catch: the jobs that tend to be more flexible — and ones that many
women and mothers gravitate towards — pay less.”
So how can the gap be reduced? “…[E]ither men would
also have to increasingly choose those flexible occupations or the rigid,
inflexible occupations would have to become less rigid and inflexible so that
women and mothers could join them, perhaps by, you know, embracing more of a
team approach at work.”
“Where The Gender Pay Gap Is Widest”
“Progress On The Gender Pay Gap 2019” study
Source: “Jobs Friday: The Part-Time Penalty”
Considering how much office workers use email it’s appalling how bad we are at it. Luckily there is a resolution and it doesn’t take more than a couple minutes to review the productivity tips and start writing emails effectively.
Starting by writing an appropriate subject line will immediately improve the productivity of all your recipients. Keep it to 3-4 words and make sure it describes the content in a unique way. More here: http://www.asianefficiency.com/email-management/productive-email-subject-lines/
For the email body, as long as it’s appropriate to your subject, keep it to between 50-125 words, use a 3rd grade reading level and do not include more than 3 questions.
Always consider the intended audience and adjust TO:/CC: lines. Consider if “reply-all” is appropriate and if changing audiences, consider if the subject needs to be modified in order to take the conversation in a new direction (thus avoiding the “grouped conversations” stack).
If your email is attempting to “hook” your audience – e.g. to get information, sell/market something or get an invoice paid, consider sending it in early in the morning or during lunch rather than mid-morning and afternoons. More here: https://blog.boomerangapp.com/2016/02/7-tips-for-getting-more-responses-to-your-emails-with-data/
Thinking that instant messages and shared calendars are going to be the answer to productivity challenges? I encourage the reader to reconsider: https://www.npr.org/sections/money/2018/08/21/640596144/why-people-cant-get-work-done-at-work